To create legal certainty and ensure acceptance of court decisions, courts have to apply the law based on uniform criteria so that similar legal matters are ruled similarly. That strengthens the trust of citizens in the law as a means of resolving conflict and improves the quality and transparency of court rulings in the long run. The Sino-German Legal Cooperation programme thus supports the education and training of Chinese judges and teaching staff in faculties of law in judicial practice methods.
In collaboration with the National Judges College of the People’s Republic of China, the Sino-German Legal Cooperation programme provides training courses on judicial practice methods.
Together with the National Judges College of the People’s Republic of China and the German Judicial Academy, and on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, the programme holds an annual Sino-German seminar for judges.
The training courses on judicial practice methods teach Chinese judges the subsumption and relational techniques of applying laws to facts established in German legal training and practice. Legal practitioners across all professions can use these methods to obtain uniform, predictable, and hence transparent solutions – including in cases relating to branches of law that they are unfamiliar with. The courses have now become an integral element of training to become a judge in China and have since been attended by more than 9,000 Chinese judges. In addition, extensive course material has been developed jointly with the National Judges College of the People’s Republic of China, which today encompasses eight volumes in Chinese on a variety of legal fields and is used nationwide in education and training courses for judges.
At the annual Sino-German seminar for judges, Chinese and German judges meet for a week, alternating the venue between Germany and China, and engage in exchange on a range of topics, from juvenile law (2013), to intellectual property law (2014) or the professionalism and professional ethics of judges (2015). The expert discussions, which typically centre on specific cases, examine similarities as well as differences between the two legal systems and the participants explore them together.